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Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Across America: Mapped

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As the electric vehicle market continues to expand, it is essential to have enough EV charging stations to enable longer driving ranges and lower waiting times at chargers.

Currently, the United States has about 140,000 public EV chargers distributed to nearly 53,000 charging stations, which is still much higher than the 145,000 gas fueling stations in the country.

This graphic maps EV charging stations across the US using data from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The map has interactive features when viewed on desktop, showing pricing structures and connector types while hovering over a charging station, along with filtering options.

Which States Lead EV Charging Infrastructure?

As can be seen in the map above, most of the electric vehicle charging stations in the United States are located on the west and east coasts of the nation, and the Midwest strip is flat and does not stop from the state of Colorado.

California has the highest number of EV charging stations with 15,182, which is a significant 29% of all charging stations in America. In fact, the Golden State has almost twice as many chargers as the following three states, New York (3,085), Florida (2,858), and Texas (2,419) combined.

Degree States Number of charging stations Share of US charging stations
1 California 15,182 28.7%
2 New York 3,085 5.8%
3 Florida 2,858 5.4%
4 Texas 2,419 4.6%
5 Massachusetts 2,328 4.4%
6 Washington 1,810 3.4%
7 Colorado 1,718 3.2%
8 Georgia 1,596 3.0%
9 Maryland 1,358 2.6%
10 Pennsylvania 1,260 2.4%
Total US 52,889 100.0%

It’s no surprise that the top four states by GDP have the highest number of EV chargers, and California’s significant lead is also unsurprising given its ambition to phase out the sale of new gas vehicles fully by 2035.

The Best States for EV Charging Speeds and Costs

While it is important to distribute enough charging stations throughout the state, two other factors determine the convenience of charging: cost and availability of charger level.

EV charger pricing structures and charger level availability across the country are a Wild West with no set rules and few clear expectations.

Get a Free Electric Vehicle Charger Across the States

Generous electric vehicle charging sites will offer unlimited free charging or a time limit of 30 minutes to 4 hours of free charging before payment is required. Some EV charging stations located in parking structures require only a parking fee, while others may have a flat charging fee per session, a charge by kWh consumed, or an hourly rate at them.

While California leads in terms of the raw amount of free chargers available in the state, it is actually second worst in the top 10 states for charger share, with only 11% of them free in free for 30 minutes or more.

Degree State a name Number of free charging stations, Share of free charging stations in the state
1 California 1,717 11.3%
2 Florida 673 23.6%
3 New York 662 21.5%
4 Texas 606 25.1%
5 Maryland 399 29.4%
6 Georgia 360 22.6%
7 Washington 358 19.8%
8 Pennsylvania 318 25.2%
9 Colorado 273 15.9%
10 Massachusetts 150 6.4%
Total US 10,295 19.5%

Meanwhile, Maryland leads with nearly 30% of chargers in the state offering at least 30 minutes of free charging. On the other hand, Massachusetts is the stingiest state of the top 10, with only 6% of charging stations (150 in total) in the state offering free charging to electric vehicle drivers.

States with the Best DC Fast Charger Availability

While free EV chargers are great, having access to fast chargers can be just as important, depending on how precious your time is. Most EV drivers across the US will have access to level 2 chargers, and level 2 chargers are available at more than 86% of charging stations in the country.

While level 2 charging (4-10 hours from empty to full charge) beats the speed of level 1 charging at a snail’s pace (40-50 hours from empty to full charge), between busy schedules and many charging stations that are only free for the first 30 minutes, the availability of a fast DC charger is almost essential.

Direct current fast chargers can charge an electric vehicle from empty to 80% in 20-60 minutes but are available at only 12% of America’s EV charging stations today.

Degree States Number of stations with fast DC charger available Share of DC fast charger stations available in the state Share of free fast charger and DC stations available in the state
1 California 1,756 11.6% 0.7%
2 Florida 360 12.6% 1.1%
3 Texas 276 11.4% 1.2%
4 Colorado 243 14.1% 1.1%
5 New York 234 7.6% 0.8%
6 Washington 232 12.8% 1.1%
7 Georgia 228 14.3% 1.4%
8 Maryland 223 16.4% 2.7%
9 Pennsylvania 134 10.6% 1.0%
10 Massachusetts 134 5.8% 0.2%
Total US 6,540 12.4% 0.9%

Just like free stations, Maryland leads the top 10 states with the highest share of DC fast chargers at 16%. While Massachusetts was the worst state for DC charger availability at 6%, New York state was second at 8% despite its large number of chargers overall. Every other state in the top 10 has DC chargers available in at least one charging station out of every 10.

As for the Holy Grail of charging stations, with free charging and the availability of a DC fast charger, there are almost 1% of the country’s charging stations. So if you’re hoping for free fast charging and DC, the chances in most states are about one in 100.

The Future of America’s EV Charging Infrastructure

As America works toward Biden’s goal of half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 being zero-emission vehicles (battery electric, plug-in hybrid electric, or fuel cell electric), charging infrastructure across the country is necessary to improve accessibility and convenience for drivers.

The Biden administration has given early approval to 35 states’ EV infrastructure plans, giving them access to $900 million in funding as part of the $5 billion National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program to be distributed over the next five years.

Along with this program, a $2.5 billion Discretionary Grant Program aims to increase EV charging access in rural, underserved and overburdened communities, along with $3 billion of the Inflation Reduction Act dedicated to supporting access on EV charging for economically disadvantaged communities.

With more than $10 billion being invested in EV charging infrastructure over the next five years and more than half of that amount targeted to communities with current poor access, charger availability across America is set to continue to improve over the years ahead of us.

Source

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