China tops U.S. for first time in this ranking of world’s ‘best’ universities

China has overtaken the US in the largest ranking of the world’s best universities.

Among 2,000 schools from more than 90 countries ranked by US News & World Report, 338 Chinese universities made the list, compared to 280 American universities. This is the first time China has outnumbered the US

The results were published in the media’s “World’s Best Universities Ranking” published on Tuesday. The USA and China are followed by Japan (105 universities), the United Kingdom (92) and India (81).

Media rankings began in 2014 as more universities began to compete for students as well as investment in faculty and research. The rankings are based on various parameters, including scientific reputation, publications, conferences and citations. Student results and individual programs are not included.

While China has overtaken the US by 58 places, most US universities are in the top half of the ranking, including 8 of the top 10, the report noted.

Here’s the overall top 10 list:

  1. Harvard University (USA)

  2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)

  3. Stanford University (USA)

  4. University of California – Berkeley (USA)

  5. University of Oxford (UK)

  6. University of Washington – Seattle (USA)

  7. Columbia University (USA)

  8. University of Cambridge (UK)

  9. California Institute of Technology (USA)

  10. Johns Hopkins University (USA)

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The report added four new topics to the 43 rankings: artificial intelligence; education and educational research; meteorology and atmospheric sciences; and water resources. “They’re hot fields right now and there’s a lot of interest at various levels,” the email said. Robert Morse, chief data strategist at US News, said in an email to MarketWatch.

Among the top 10 AI schools, five schools were from mainland China; Carnegie Mellon in the US also ranked highly.

While pandemic-related public health concerns and travel restrictions have partly led to the dramatic drop in numbers over the past two years, rising tensions between the two countries have also led Chinese students to gradually seek alternatives, both in China and outside the US. possibilities.

The number of international students at U.S. colleges and universities peaked in the 2015-2016 academic year and has been declining since then, the Institute of International Education said, citing visa concerns, competition from other countries with better access to work visas and stronger social and political. relations between China and other nations.

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Here are the top 10 universities in Asia:

  1. Tsinghua University (China)

  2. National University of Singapore (Singapore)

  3. Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

  4. Peking University (China)

  5. Chinese University of Hong Kong (China)

  6. University of Hong Kong (China)

  7. King Abdulaziz University (Saudi Arabia)

  8. University of Tokyo (Japan)

  9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

  10. Zhejiang University (China)

Artificial intelligence is one of the few areas that both the US and China see as strategic national priorities. Biden administration in 2021 signed the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 to strengthen US leadership in the field.

“The world’s leading powers are racing to develop and implement new technologies such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing that could change everything about our lives – from where we get our energy NG00,
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to how we do our jobs, how wars are fought,” Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said last year.

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“We want America to maintain its scientific and technological edge because it’s critical to our ability to thrive in the 21st century economy,” Blinken said at last year’s tech summit.

Among the top 10 artificial intelligence schools, five schools were from mainland China, including Tsinghua University, which ranked No. 1. Carnegie Mellon University is the best AI research college in the US, ranking 12th on the list. China also leads in other fields of science, including nanoscience, nanotechnology, polymer science, engineering and physical chemistry.

Fewer Chinese students have attended college in the U.S. since the coronavirus pandemic. According to data from the US State Department, in 2022 Between January and September, 52,034 Chinese nationals received F-1 visas, compared to 95,518 during the same period in 2019. The F-1 visa is used by international students to obtain a degree or academic certificate in the United States

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